The JRC organised today a round table debate focusing on digital privacy in relation to citizens` rights in the light of new technologies and commercial needs, in cooperation with the European Council of Academies of Applied Sciences, Technologies and Engineering (Euro-CASE).
The JRC produced the contents of the joint FAO-JRC e-learning course entitled: “Remotely Sensed Information for Crop Monitoring and Food Security – Techniques and methods for arid and semi-arid areas”, which is part of the EU-FAO Programme on “Improved Global Governance for Hunger Reduction”.
The JRC organised today a roundtable debate to discuss the possible ways to support the recovery of the European photovoltaic (PV) industry and to retain Europe’s prominent place in research in PV technology.
SINPHONIE, an EU-funded research project on indoor air quality in EU schools, and its impact on children’s health, has recently published its conclusions. Based on the evidence gathered, the Joint Research Centre and the partners developed guidelines for maintaining good air quality. They are expected to contribute to healthier school environments in Europe.
The first MARS Bulletin of 2015, published today, reports that winter cereals have shown little or no hardening in much of Europe, which may leave them susceptible to frost-kill damage in the event of a heavy frost.
The radionuclide Po is the principal radiochemical tracer used worldwide to monitor polonium, an element known for its high chemical and radiological toxicity. Measurements performed in the radionuclide metrology laboratory of the JRC show that the reference value of the Po half-life used over the last 50 years is in error by 20%.
The JRC has released a new strategy on how to replace, reduce and refine the use of fish in testing of chemicals’ effect on flora and fauna in water (aquatic toxicity) and chemicals’ uptake and concentration in living organisms (bioaccumulation). Out of the 11.5 million animals used for experimental purposes in the EU (2011 data), cold blooded animals, namely reptiles, amphibians and fish represent 12.4%. In the case of specific testing for toxicological safety assessment, fish represent 18% of the one million animals used.
When asked, children under the age of eight cannot show comprehension of what the internet is and what being online means even if their favourite activities are gaming and video watching on various Wi-Fi connected devices.
The 2014 Predict report, based on the latest official data (2006-2011), found that the EU ICT sector has declined in terms of value added (value of output minus the value of intermediate consumption) but increased in terms of employment.
A habitat model, developed by the JRC and partner scientists, reveals that the main hake nurseries are mostly located from February to June in the northern Mediterranean, on the seabed in depths from 50 to 250 m. Such knowledge can guide decisions for sustainable fisheries management, such as the closure of fishing areas allowing hake stocks to recover from overfishing.
The negative impact of the Ebola outbreak on household incomes and markets has led to food insecurity due to lack of access to food. Economic activities have been seriously disrupted as a result of restrictions that were imposed on movement and trade in order to limit the transmission of the disease. This economic slowdown has hit all areas of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia, irrespective of the magnitude of the Ebola epidemic.
Financial services could be disrupted in case of a severe space weather event, due to their dependency on accurate timing often provided by Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS). A report published by the JRC addresses the potential impact, in particular the effect of a GNSS services loss on timing systems and the sector’s vulnerability. Awareness among operators and regulators worldwide is currently limited and resilience across the financial services sector needs to be built, authors say.