January 2000 – The European Commission proposes the creation of a European Research Area in its communication ‘Towards a European Research Area

March 2000 – The creation of the European Research Area was launched at the Lisbon European Council

March 2002 – The Barcelona European Council set a target for EU R&D investment intensity to approach 3% of GDP by 2010.

April 2007 – The Green Paper on the European Research Area launched by the European Commission.

May 2008 –The ‘Ljubljana Process’, focusing on governance of the European Research Area, was launched.

May 2008 – Adoption of a Council Resolution on the management of intellectual property in knowledge transfer activities, further to the Commission Communication on “Improving knowledge transfer between research institutions and industry across Europe” and the Commission Recommendation on the management of intellectual property in knowledge transfer activities (the Recommendation) and the Code of Practice for universities and public research organizations.

September 2008 – Adoption of Council conclusions on better careers and mobility for researchers further to the Commission’s proposal for a European Partnership for Researchers in May 2008.

December 2008 – Adoption of a Vision 2020 for ERA by the

December 2008 – Adoption of Council Conclusions on international cooperation, resulting in the setting up of the Strategic Forum for International Cooperation.

December 2008 – Adoption of Council Conclusions on joint programming in research, resulting in the setting up of the High Level Group on Joint Programming.

June 2009 – Adoption of a Community Legal Framework for a European Research Infrastructure Consortium as Council Regulation 723/2009.

March 2010 – European Council agreement on the main elements of the EU2020 Strategy Communication (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2010:2020:FIN:…).

June 2010 – European Council approves the 5 EU-level targets, including the combined R&D public and private investment target of 3% of GDP by 2020.

November 2010 – Adoption of Council Conclusions on the Innovation Union  further to the Commission’s adoption of the “Innovation union” flagship initiative communication (http://ec.europa.eu/research/innovation-union/pdf/innovation-union-commu…) as part of the Europe 2020

2011: Progress report on the implementation of Innovation Union strategy

2014: State of the Innovation Union – taking stock 2010-2014

2014: Innovation Union progress at country level 2014